Infertility problems have become a common concern among majority of couples these days. According to World Health Organization (WHO), couples who are indulged in regular unprotected sexual intercourse for more than 12 months of period and are still not able to achieve pregnancy are considered to be suffering from infertility issues. These issues could arise from any end, either from the female side or the male partner. Couples who are struggling with such problems and who have a desire to conceive a normal and healthy baby can take medical assistance. Healthcare experts specialized in infertility treatments can significantly address underlying issues of childless couples and help them in attaining parenthood by the means of safe infertility interventions and procedures.
Assisted reproductive technology procedures or ART procedures are nowadays commonly utilized to achieve pregnancy in most cases of infertility among couples. Also known as fertility treatments, it also includes reproductive endocrinology alongside infertility. ART procedures, in fact, bypasses the normal process of sexual intercourse either through fertilization of oocytes in labor by artificial insemination to achieve pregnancy. Some common ART procedures presently in practice apart from fertility medication include IVF or in vitro fertilization, IUI or intrauterine insemination, ICSI or intracytoplasmic sperm injection, GIFT or gamete intrafallopian tube transfer and embryo cryopreservation. Sperm and egg donors are also used when either partner is sufferingfrom functional disorders.
Infertility may be caused when both fallopian tubes are either absent or blocked due to surgery, tubal pregnancy or infection and endometriosis reduced sperm count or motility. IVF can be safely performed for counts more than 5 million/ml. IVF is also ideal for couples whose investigations have proved normal but are still unable to conceive in spite of routine treatments. Success rates of IVF in India are about 20 percent to 30 percent which compare with the leading units around the world. IVF cost in India is also comparatively much less than what you would have to pay for similar procedures in another country.