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Spine Surgery

Sometimes with back pain, spine surgery is the only treatment option. However, vast majority of back problems can be effectively remedied with nonsurgical treatments & which are often referred to as conservative therapies. Improper body mechanics, trauma, structural abnormalities & aging can injure spine & lead to back pain & other signs & symptoms like leg pain and/or leg numbness or weakness. Moreover, chronic back pain is a condition which generally requires a team of specialist doctors to diagnose & treat. However, before resigning to surgery, patients should consider obtaining opinions from many spine specialists. Investment of time & information gathering will go a long way & help patients make informed treatment decisions which will support the lifestyle & desired level of physical activity.

Spine Surgery

What is Back Pain

Neck & back pain can be caused due to a variety of injuries & diseases, including trauma & arthritis. Physical therapy & pain management to orthopedics & neurosurgery is required to help relieve patients suffering from neck or spine Germany, Turkey, United Arab Emirates (Dubai), India, & South Korea (Seoul) problems. Several treatments are available including medical management to newer pain control techniques & back surgery for overcoming issues relating with spine.

Although spine surgery helps relieve some causes of back pain, most back pain problems resolve of their own within two months of time. Low back pain is one of the most common ailments seen by doctors & which typically respond to nonsurgical treatments like physical therapy, gentle massage, heat & anti-inflammatory medications. Spine surgery may be an option only when conservative treatments have failed to relieve pain which is disabling & persistent. Spine surgery most often can be relied upon to relieve associated numbness or pain which goes down one or both legs or arms.

  • Many signs & symptoms of back pain are caused by compressed nerves in spine. Nerves can get compressed due to a variety of reasons, including the following.

    • Herniated Discs – Rubbery discs which lie in-between vertebrae in spine consist of a soft nucleus surrounded by annulus which is a tougher exterior around the soft center. Herniated discs can occur when a part of nucleus pushes through cracks in annulus. Symptoms typically occur when herniation starts compressing a nerve.
    • Overgrowth of Bone – Osteoarthritis results in formation of bone spurs on spine. This excessive bone growth can narrow amount of space which is available for nerves to pass through openings in spine.

    However, quite often it can be difficult to pinpoint exact cause of back pain even after x-rays reveal that a patient is having bone spurs or disc problems. X-rays which have been taken for other reasons often show herniated or bulging discs which cause no symptoms nor require any treatment.

  • Back pain is usually caused when something is erring in the way spinal joints, discs, nerves & muscles fit together to enable movement. Back pain problems are one of the most common complaints among American adults & a leading cause of lost job time along with time & money which is spent in search of relief. Common spine conditions which cause back pain are listed below.

    • Low Back Pain – Age plays a crucial role, while other low back pain causes include obesity, illnesses, poor posture, inactive lifestyle & injuries to spine.
    • Herniated Disc – Various problems with spinal discs also play a major role in back pain.
    • Osteoarthritis – Osteoarthritis is one of the most common types of arthritis & which can also involve the spine.
    • Spinal Stenosis – This is narrowing of the spinal canal & which can result in back pain.
    • Ankylosing Spondylitis – This is a type of arthritis which affects the spine causing stiffness & pain from neck down to low back. Vertebrae of the spine ruse together in this condition so as to result in a rigid spine.
    • Spondylolisthesis – Spondylolisthesis is slipping of vertebrae over one another. In most cases this is found to happen at the base of spine.
    • Spine Curvature Disorders – Whenever abnormalities of spine are found to occur, natural curvature of spine are exaggerated or misaligned in certain areas like they occur in scoliosis, kyphosis & lordosis.
    • Back Injuries – Injuries causing back problems are often found to occur during home projects, work-related tasks, recreational activities, or while playing sports.
  • Signs & symptoms of back pain can range in intensity from being mild to severe. Most people experience back pain sometime or the other during their life span. There are numerous causes of back pain though. Some of these causes are self-inflicted due to bad habits, while other causes include sports injuries, muscle strains & accidents. Though causes of back pain may be different, they quite often share the same signs & symptoms including the following.

    • Persistent stiffness or aching anywhere along the spine, from neck to the base including tail bone.
    • Sharp & localized pain in lower back, upper back or neck, especially after engaging in strenuous activities or lifting heavy objects. Sometimes pain in the upper back can also be a sign of heart attack or some other life-threatening condition.
    • Chronic aching in middle or low back, especially after standing or sitting for extended periods of time.
    • Back pain which radiates from low back to buttock, down the back to thighs & into calf & toes.
    • Inability of the patient to stand straight without experiencing muscle spasms or pain in lower back.

Common Spinal Conditions    

Types of Spine Surgeries    

Risks & Complications of Spine Surgeries    

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